Global Automotive High Strength Steel Market Analysis

1. Advanced High-Strength Steels (AHSS) segment is leading the global Automotive High Strength Steel market on the basis of type   The AHSS type segment accounted for the largest share of the global Automotive High Strength Steel market, in terms of volume. This large share is primarily attributed to the better mechanical properties exhibited by AHSS as compared to other type of AHSS.   2. The Passenger Vehicle end-use industry will lead the global Passenger Vehicle market by 2021   The Passenger Vehicle segment is estimated to account for the largest share of the global Passenger Vehicle market during the forecast period. This segment took the market share of 84.17% in 2016, in terms of volume.   3. Asia- Pacific led the global high strength steels market   Asia-Pacific is the largest and fastest-growing region in the global Automotive High Strength Steel market. Rapid automotive industry development offer lucrative growth opportunities to players operating in the Automotive High Strength Steel market. The increasing middle class population, which has led to urbanization and rise in the manufacturing sector, drives the demand of Automotive High Strength Steel in this region. The Asia-Pacific Automotive High Strength Steel market is expected to grow at the highest CAGR between 2017 and 2022. Economic growth in countries such as China, Japan and India are further propelling the growth of the Automotive High Strength Steel market in the Asia-Pacific region.   4. Some of the key players operating in the global Automotive High Strength Steel market include Arcelor Mittal, SSAB, POSCO, United States Steel Corporation, Voestalpine, ThyssenKrupp, Baowu Group, Ansteel.   Compared to 2015, Automotive High Strength Steel market increased sales by 6.65 percent to 19943.76 million USD worldwide in 2016 from 18700.46 million USD in 2015. It shows that the Automotive High Strength Steel market performance is positive, despite the weak economic environment. The global Automotive High Strength Steel market is expected to reach $25660.40 million by 2022 from $20271.84 million in 2017, growing at a CAGR of 4.83% from 2017 to 2022.

Global Button Cell Market Analysis 2017

The Button Cell industry was 4607.25 million USD in 2000 and is projected to reach 4002.28 million USD in 2016, at a CAGR of -0.88% between 2000 and 2016. End-users, included in this market are traditional watch, smartwatch, hearing aid, pocket calculator, and other usage. The traditional watch (mainly Quartz Watch) application was account for the largest share of the global market. Due to the production of traditional watch is decline these years, the market of Button Cell is also Sluggish. The drive of Button Cell market is maybe the fast growing smartwatch. Most of the Button Cell is not chargeable.   The market for Button Cell is competitive with players such as Sony, Maxell (Hitachi), Panasonic, Renata Batteries (Swatch Group), Varta (Rayovac), Seiko, Toshiba, Energizer, Duracell, GP Batteries, Vinnic, NANFU, TMMQ, EVE Energy, Camelion Battery, and so on. Among them, Sony is the global leading supplier.   On the basis of type, the Button Cell market is segmented into LR (Alkaline), SR (Silver Oxide), CR (Lithium), others. The SR (Silver Oxide) segment is expected to account for the larger share of the global market in 2016.   Based on regions, the global Button Cell market is segmented into USA, Europe, China, Japan, and the Rest of the World (ROW). The production of button cell is gradually transferred to Asia and the revenue (output value) of USA decreased in these years.

Global 1,2-Pentanediol Market Analysis

Global 1,2-Pentanediol Market by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and Application, Forecast to 2022 1.1,2-pentanediol industry is concentrated relatively. Currently, there are several producing companies in the world 1,2-pentanediol industry. The main market players are BASF, Evonik, Symrise, Minasolve and Kokyu. The poduction of 1,2-pentanediol will increase to 5294 MT in 017 from 3687 MT in 2012 with average growth rate of 1.76%. Global 1,2-pentanediol capacity utilization rate remained at around 63.61% in 2016.   2.In consumption market, the global consumption value of 1,2-pentanediol increases with the 4.55% average growth rate. Europe and China are the mainly consumption regions due to the bigger demand of downstream applications. In 2016, these two regions occupied 58.49% of the global consumption volume in total.   3.1,2-pentanediol has two types, which include cosmetic grade and industrial grade. And each type has application industries relatively. With moisturizing and sterilizing effect of 1,2-pentanediol, the downstream application industries will need more 1,2-pentanediol products. So, 1,2-pentanediol has a huge market potential in the future. Manufacturers engaged in the industry are trying to produce high purity and good performance 1,2-pentanediol through improving technology.   4.The major raw materials for 1,2-pentanediol are 1-pentene, formic acid and hydrogen peroxide, and other auxiliary chemicals. Fluctuations in the price of the upstream product will impact on the production cost of 1,2-pentanediol. The 1,2-pentanediol manufacturers are trying to reduce production cost by developing production method.   5.We tend to believe this industry is a rising industry, and the consumption increasing degree will show a smooth growth curve. And the price presents decreasing according to the economy development status and international competition. Also, there is fluctuation in gross margin.

Global Anticancer Drugs Market Forecast 2022

  Anticancer drugs are used to treat malignancies, or cancerous growths. Drug therapy may be used alone, or in combination with other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy. Anticancer drugs are used to control the growth of cancerous cells. Cancer is commonly defined as the uncontrolled growth of cells, with loss of differentiation and commonly, with metastasis, spread of the cancer to other tissues and organs. Cancers are malignant growths. In contrast, benign growths remain encapsulated and grow within a well-defined area. Although benign tumors may be fatal if untreated, due to pressure on essential organs, as in the case of a benign brain tumor, surgery or radiation are the preferred methods of treating growths which have a defined location. Drug therapy is used when the tumor has spread, or may spread, to all areas of the body. At present, most common solid tumors, such as lung cancer, liver cancer, colon cancer and pancreatic cancer, still lack effective drugs, and many anticancer drugs have drug resistance in the course of clinical application. Therefore, the research of new anticancer drugs is imperative. In recent years, with the rapid development of science and technology and advances in molecular oncology and molecular biology technology, new anticancer drugs have been discovered. The "Global Anticancer Drugs Market Research Report 2017" released by GlobalInfoResearch shows that the revenue of anticancer drugs is about 121.25 billion USD in 2016 all around the world. And the anticancer drugs market will reach 173.23 billion USD by 2022, with a CAGR 7.4% (2016-2022).   GlobalInfoResearch ALL Rights Reserved

Ultra-light aluminum: Chemist reports breakthrough in material design

If you drop an aluminum spoon in a sink full of water, the spoon will sink to the bottom. That's because aluminum, in its conventional form, is denser than water says Utah State University chemist Alexander Boldyrev. But if you restructure the common household metal at the molecular level, as Boldyrev and colleagues did using computational modeling, you could produce an ultra-light crystalline form of aluminum that's lighter than water. Boldyrev, along with scientists Iliya Getmanskii, Vitaliy Koval, Rusian Minyaev and Vladimir Minkin of Southern Federal University in Rostov-on Don, Russia, published findings in the Sept. 18, 2017, online edition of 'The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.' The team's research is supported by the National Science Foundation and the Russian Ministry of Science and Education. "My colleagues' approach to this challenge was very innovative," says Boldyrev, professor in USU's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. "They started with a known crystal lattice, in this case, a diamond, and substituted every carbon atom with an aluminum tetrahedron." The team's calculations confirmed such a structure is a new, metastable, lightweight form of crystal aluminum. And to their amazement, it has a density of only 0.61 gram per cubic centimeter, in contrast to convention aluminum's density of 2.7 grams per cubic centimeter. "That means the new crystallized form will float on water, which has a density of one gram per cubic centimeter," Boldyrev says. Such a property opens a whole new realm of possible applications for the non-magnetic, corrosive-resistant, abundant, relatively inexpensive and easy-to-produce metal. "Spaceflight, medicine, wiring and more lightweight, more fuel-efficient automotive parts are some applications that come to mind," Boldyrev says. "Of course, it's very early to speculate about how this material could be used. There are many unknowns. For one thing, we don't know anything about its strength." Still, he says, the breakthrough discovery marks a novel way of approaching material design. "An amazing aspect of this research is the approach: using a known structure to design a new material," Boldyrev says. "This approach paves the way for future discoveries."   Story Source:   Materials provided by Utah State University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.  

New method for identifying carbon compounds derived from fossil fuels

Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a laboratory instrument that can measure how much of the carbon in many carbon-containing materials was derived from fossil fuels. This will open the way for new methods in the biofuels and bioplastics industries, in scientific research, and environmental monitoring. Among other things, it will allow scientists to measure how much of the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere came from burning fossil fuels, and to estimate fossil fuel emissions in an area as small as a city or as large as a continent. This is possible because carbon atoms occur in heavy and light forms, or isotopes, and measuring the relative amounts of each can reveal the source of the carbon. Using carbon isotopes in this way is not a new idea, but it requires extremely precise -- and expensive -- measurements. The new instrument, developed by NIST chemists Adam Fleisher and David Long and based on a technology called cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), promises to dramatically reduce the cost of those measurements. They described the instrument's performance in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. "Measuring carbon isotopes is an extremely useful technique, but until now, it has found limited use because of the cost," said Long. "Lowering the cost will open the way for new applications, especially ones that require testing a large number of samples." The key to these measurements is carbon-14, a radioactive (yet harmless) isotope of carbon that is formed in the upper atmosphere. That carbon-14 finds its way into all living things. Unlike regular carbon, carbon-14 is unstable, with a half-life of 5,730 years. When living things die, they stop incorporating carbon into their bodies, and their carbon-14 starts to decay away. Scientists can calculate how long ago something died by measuring how much carbon-14 is in its remains. That technique is called carbon dating, and scientists use it to date things like Neanderthal bones and ancient plant fibers. Fossil fuels also are the remains of living things, mainly plants that died hundreds of millions of years ago. Virtually all their carbon-14 decayed away eons ago, so anything derived from them is marked by the absence of measurable amounts of carbon-14. But carbon-14 is extremely rare, and to use it for identifying fossil fuels, scientists need to be able to measure it at concentrations as low as 1 part in 10 trillion. That's the equivalent of a single grain of sand in 60 dump trucks full of the stuff. To measure concentrations that low, you need an extremely sensitive measurement technique, and such a technique already exists. Archaeologists have been relying on it for decades. But that technique requires a particle accelerator to separate the isotopes (the heavier carbon-14 accelerates more slowly than everyday carbon-12), along with a facility to house it and a team of PhDs to run it. The CRDS instrument that Fleisher and Long have developed can sit on a laboratory benchtop and is relatively inexpensive to operate. CRDS instruments analyze gases by detecting the wavelengths of light they absorb. For instance, CO2that contains carbon-14 -- so-called heavy CO2 -- absorbs a slightly different wavelength than regular CO2. To measure how much heavy CO2 you have in a CO2 sample, you first inject the sample into the instrument's measurement cavity (the "C" in CRDS), which is a tube with mirrors inside at either end. You then tune a laser to the exact wavelength that only heavy CO2 absorbs and shoot a burst of it into the cavity. As the laser light bounces between the mirrors, some of its energy is absorbed by the gas. The greater the absorption, the greater the concentration of heavy CO2. To achieve the required sensitivity, Fleisher and Long enhanced existing CRDS technology by engineering a system that chills the cavity to a uniform minus 55 degrees Celsius and minimizes temperature fluctuations that would throw off the measurement. Making the cavity very cold allows their instrument to detect very faint signals of light absorption, the same way that you might be able to hear a pin drop if you made a room extremely quiet. This and other improvements boosted the instrument's sensitivity enough for accurate carbon dating. To test biofuels and bioplastics, you would first burn those materials, then collect the resulting CO2 for analysis. This would allow you to test a fuel mixture to determine what fraction of it is biofuel. In the airline industry, for example, this would be useful because some countries require that aviation fuels include a specific biofuel percentage. Such tests could also be used to verify that bioplastics, which sell for a premium, do not contain petroleum-derived compounds. To estimate fossil fuel emissions in a geographic area, you would collect many air samples across that area and analyze the atmospheric CO2 in those samples. Areas with high fossil fuel emissions, such as cities and industrial zones, will have below-normal concentrations of heavy CO2. "Fossil fuel emissions dilute the concentration of heavy CO2 in the air," said Fleisher. "If we can accurately measure that concentration after it's been diluted, we can calculate how much fossil fuel emissions are in the mix." A report from the National Academy of Sciences estimated that 10,000 samples a year, collected at carefully chosen locations around the United States, would be enough to estimate national fossil fuel emissions to within 10 percent of the actual value. Such a system of measurements can increase the reliability of national emissions estimates. This would be especially useful in parts of the world where high-quality emissions data are not readily available. Story Source: Materials provided by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Water conservation can have unintended consequences

Conventional wisdom dictates water conservation can only benefit communities affected by drought. But researchers at the University of California, Riverside have deduced that indoor residential conservation can have unintended consequences in places where systems of wastewater reuse have already been implemented, diminishing both the quantity and quality of influent available for treatment. The researchers outlined their findings in a recent paper, which appears online in the journal Water Research, published by the International Water Association. "Drought, and the conservation strategies that are often enacted in response to it, both likely limit the role reuse may play in improving local water supply reliability," wrote Quynh K. Tran, a UCR Ph.D. student in chemical and environmental engineering; David Jassby, associate professor of chemical and environmental engineering; and Kurt Schwabe, professor of environmental economics and policy. In the past, recycled water was only applied to areas such as low-value crops and median strips, Schwabe said. Recently, however, it has been considered safe to drink provided it either undergoes multiple rounds of treatment to remove concentrations of salts, nutrients, and other contaminants, or is injected into the ground and pumped back out later. The United States reuses between 10 percent and 15 percent of its wastewater. In regions like Southern California, where effluent flows from inland communities down the Santa Ana River Basin and toward the coast, indoor residential conservation can limit downstream water supplies. "You often hear it never stops raining at a wastewater treatment plant, meaning the influent from households will continue to flow regardless of whether we're in a drought or not," Schwabe said. "It may be true that it will continue to 'rain,' but the quantity of flow can be severely impacted by drought and indoor conservation efforts, which has implications for the reliability of the system, especially when it comes to downstream or end users of the treated wastewater." Schwabe added the problem is pervasive in linked systems of wastewater reuse. "If people are taking fewer showers and flushing their toilets less frequently, simple water balance dictates there can be reliability issues surrounding the reuse of water in systems such as those we have in Southern California," he said. Exacerbating the problem, as wastewater flows decrease, their levels of salinity and other pollutants increase. Higher levels of pollutants present significant challenges for treatment facilities that are not typically designed to handle "elevated concentrations of total dissolved solids, nitrogen species, and carbon," according to Tran, Jassby, and Schwabe. However, the researchers said solutions to those problems are available. "Cost-effective blending strategies can be implemented to mitigate the water quality effects, increasing the value of the remaining effluent for reuse, whether it be for surface water augmentation; groundwater replenishment; or irrigation of crops, golf courses, or landscapes," they wrote. To develop an economic model by which wastewater can be treated in a more cost-effective way, thereby increasing its value, the researchers identified feasible wastewater treatment technologies and wastewater treatment trains either in use or available for potential use. A treatment train is a sequence of treatments aimed at meeting a specific standard. "Our solution is based on a system of blending water," Schwabe said. "Traditionally, wastewater facilities have operated by the principle that all the influent is treated to the fullest extent possible. But depending on the sort of demand and regulations a treatment plant confronts for its effluent, managers may have the opportunity to be creative and achieve a much less costly outcome by treating only a portion of the influent with the most advanced technology and blending this with the remaining influent that has been treated but with a less advanced and thus lower-cost process." Schwabe said while this research indicates indoor water conservation may affect the reliability and quality of water reuse during drought, the researchers are not suggesting people engage in less frequent conservation. "These results highlight a central tenet of economics: that there's a cost with every action we take," he said. "Our results are intended to illustrate how different drought mitigation actions are related so agencies can plan, communicate, and coordinate in the most informed and cost-effective manner possible." Story Source: Materials provided by University of California - Riverside. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Filtering molecules from the water or air with nanomembranes

Free-standing carbon membranes that are a millionth of a millimetre thin: these are a special research field of Professor Dr. Armin Gölzhäuser from Bielefeld University and his research group. The nanomembranes can serve as ultrafine filters and as a protective layer. The Bielefeld physicists have registered several patents for manufacturing such molecular foils. In their research, they are analysing which properties the nanomembranes possess -- as a basis for future applications. If used to filter water, the carbon nanomembranes allow only water molecules to pass while blocking other molecules. If used to filter air, the membranes could, for example, remove carbon dioxide from vehicle exhaust emissions. 'However, we still know very little about what happens when a molecule passes through such a sieve,' says Gölzhäuser. 'This is why we are studying, for example, whether it touches the membrane, remains stuck to it, or flies directly through its pores.' Drawing on the results of this research, the scientists can modify the production of the nanomembranes to fit each specific purpose -- for every use, the appropriate nanomembrane. 'We can adapt the porosity of the membranes for different materials and also modify their conductivity, elasticity, density, and thickness.' The manufacturing process has been developed by members of Gölzhäuser's research group: the researchers immerse a solid -- such as a gold surface -- in a liquid containing organic molecules. The molecules settle on the solid in a thin layer that is then irradiated with electrons. This leads them to trigger a controlled chemical reaction: a cross-linking -- the molecules link together and form the nanomembrane. However, the most difficult step is yet to come: they have to be separated from the supporting layer. 'We do this by introducing what we call a transfer layer with which we can separate the carbon nanomembrane,' says Gölzhäuser. Nanomembranes are not just suitable for filtering. Gölzhäuser's research group can also produce single-layer membranes as an impermeable protective film. One potential application is in microelectronics. 'This is a field in which components are so small that they can hardly be coated with paint. However, the nanomembranes are so thin that they can simply be laid over them .' Video: Story Source: Materials provided by Bielefeld University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.  
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