A biomarker, or biological marker, generally refers to a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition. The term is also occasionally used to refer to a substance whose detection indicates the presence of a living organism.

Biomarkers are often measured and evaluated to examine normal biological processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention.Biomarkers are used in many scientific fields.
A contract manufacturer ("CM") is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products. It is a form of outsourcing. A contract manufacturer performing packaging operations is called copacker or a contract packager.
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Genotyping is the measurement of genetic variations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between members of a species. It is a form of genotyping, which is the measurement of more general genetic variation. SNP genotyping is not only the genetic markers present in most, but also the most promising markers. SNP genotyping as the most potential for development of molecular markers, it cans achieve large-scale highly automated, thus it is more suited to a huge number of detection and analysis, has been widely used in biology, agriculture, medicine, biological evolution and other fields.
Marine biotechnology is an innovative field of research in science and engineering that encompasses the use of marine bioresources for a multitude of applications, including the production of food, fuel, materials or specific, often bioactive, compounds and may contribute to green growth and sustainable industries and prosperous communities.Marine biotechnological advancements have already resulted in some successes in diverse fields, including human health, pharmacology, fisheries, environmental recovery or restoration, food and cosmetics industries, agriculture and chemistry. Examples of applications resulting from biotechnological developments include the use of (micro- and macro-) algae for the production of biofuels and the production of marine-derived polysaccharides, which are one of the most abundant renewable biomaterials found on land and in the oceans.
Description
"Cytokines are a large group of small signaling molecules that function extensively in cellular communication. Cytokines are most often associated with various immune modulating molecules that include interleukins, chemokines, and interferons, but can also include other molecules as well. Their use in disease diagnosis and treatment has proven very beneficial over the past number of years as their use as biomarkers has been adopted as a means to understanding disease and therapies. They have expanded into more disease relevant, specialized panels for a more accurate assessment of various diseases that include cardiovascular disease, asthma, inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis."
Description
"Cytokines are a large group of small signaling molecules that function extensively in cellular communication. Cytokines are most often associated with various immune modulating molecules that include interleukins, chemokines, and interferons, but can also include other molecules as well. Their use in disease diagnosis and treatment has proven very beneficial over the past number of years as their use as biomarkers has been adopted as a means to understanding disease and therapies. They have expanded into more disease relevant, specialized panels for a more accurate assessment of various diseases that include cardiovascular disease, asthma, inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.
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Description
"Cytokines are a large group of small signaling molecules that function extensively in cellular communication. Cytokines are most often associated with various immune modulating molecules that include interleukins, chemokines, and interferons, but can also include other molecules as well. Their use in disease diagnosis and treatment has proven very beneficial over the past number of years as their use as biomarkers has been adopted as a means to understanding disease and therapies. They have expanded into more disease relevant, specialized panels for a more accurate assessment of various diseases that include cardiovascular disease, asthma, inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.
"
"Cytokines are a large group of small signaling molecules that function extensively in cellular communication. Cytokines are most often associated with various immune modulating molecules that include interleukins, chemokines, and interferons, but can also include other molecules as well. Their use in disease diagnosis and treatment has proven very beneficial over the past number of years as their use as biomarkers has been adopted as a means to understanding disease and therapies. They have expanded into more disease relevant, specialized panels for a more accurate assessment of various diseases that include cardiovascular disease, asthma, inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis.
"
Description
"Cytokines are a large group of small signaling molecules that function extensively in cellular communication. Cytokines are most often associated with various immune modulating molecules that include interleukins, chemokines, and interferons, but can also include other molecules as well. Their use in disease diagnosis and treatment has proven very beneficial over the past number of years as their use as biomarkers has been adopted as a means to understanding disease and therapies. They have expanded into more disease relevant, specialized panels for a more accurate assessment of various diseases that include cardiovascular disease, asthma, inflammation, cancer, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis."